Colitis is a type of inflammatory bowel disease characterized by diarrhea, abdominal pain, constipation, and most commonly bloody or white mucus lined stools. Colitis is known for its pattern to remain dormant for months to even years within the sufferer and then to suddenly reappear. It is important if you have been diagnosed with Colitis to talk to your doctor about how to increase these times of remission.
Risk Factors for Colitis
Inflammation within the colon can be a result of many various factors, most commonly including:
- Ischemic Colitis- Or loss of blood supply to the colon
- Infectious Colitis- Inflammation caused by harmful bacteria’s, generally as a result of food poisoning.
- Inflammatory Bowel Disease- Which can be characterized by Ulcerative Colitis or Crohn’s Disease
- Microscopic and Chemical Colitis
With regards to Ulcerative Colitis (the IBD form), for years and years now researchers have been stumped as to what the true underlying cause for Colitis is. Though a few years back they did make a few scientific discoveries that linked both environment and perhaps certain genetics to Colitis, the research really did not tell us much more about what causes this particular inflammatory bowel disease.
Since Colitis is known to be an improper response of the body’s immune system to generally harmless cells and bacteria, researchers believe that there may be a fundamental connection between such a response and other immune-related diseases (most of which are genetic). However, scientists are finding it increasingly more difficult to draw a clear, conclusive connection between genetics and colitis due to the intrinsic fact that there are many other environmental factors that play a role in this disease’s development, as well as the severity of the disease, ranging from person to person.
Colitis and Genetics
In one study, however, researchers were able to link Chromosome five (5) and Chromosome ten (10) to the formation of the inflammatory bowel disease, Colitis.